Jihadization Each of these phases is unique and has specific signatures… The NYPD shows its grasp of the realities of 4GW by not seeing the enemy as a structure or organization: Al-Qaeda has provided the inspiration for homegrown radicalization and terrorism; direct command and control by al-Qaeda has been the exception rather than the rule among the case studies reviewed in this study… Rather, it radicalization is a phenomenon that occurs because the individual is looking for an identity and a cause… Salafist Islam provides the identity and cause these young men are seeking — and as a number of the case studies show, it has an appeal beyond ethnic boundaries. The NYPD study correctly notes that: For those who believe the “terrorist” threat is waning, Radicalization in the West: The Homegrown Threat should provide a needed wake-up call. The good news here is that unlike the military, the cops get it. Perhaps that should not surprise us.
Wed Mar 21, 8: In the beginning only one silver standard was used normally of very high fineness. Later two, sometimes three standards were use 1st standard Grote keur and 2nd standard Kleine keur Some cities like Gouda have used an uncrowned city mark for 2nd standard silver.
Homeschooling, also known as home education is the education of children at home or a variety of other places. Home education is usually conducted by a parent or tutor or online teacher. Many families use less formal ways of educating. ” Homeschooling” is the term commonly used in North America, whereas “home education” is commonly used in the United Kingdom, Europe, and in many Commonwealth.
Etymology[ edit ] The name Maastricht is derived from Latin Traiectum ad Mosam or Traiectum Mosae , meaning ‘crossing at the Meuse’, and referring to the bridge built by the Romans. The Latin name first appears in medieval documents  and it is not known whether this was Maastricht’s official name during Roman times. A resident of Maastricht is referred to as Maastrichtenaar whilst in the local dialect it is either Mestreechteneer or, colloquially, Sjeng derived from the formerly popular French name Jean.
Of a later date are Palaeolithic remains, between 8, and 25, years old. Celts lived here around BC, at a spot where the river Meuse was shallow and therefore easy to cross. It is not known when the Romans arrived in Maastricht, or whether the settlement was founded by them. The bridge was an important link in the main road between Bavay and Cologne.
Roman Maastricht was probably relatively small.
Technology Principles As a novel glass forming technique created in the middle of the last century BC, glassblowing exploited a working property of glass which was previously unknown to the glassworkers: Inflation refers to the expansion of a molten blob of glass by introducing a small amount of air to it. This property is based on the liquid structure of glass where the atoms are held together by strong chemical bonds in a disordered and random network,    therefore molten glass is viscous enough to be blown and gradually hardens as it loses heat.
With reference to their studies of the ancient glass assemblages from Sepphoris of Israel, Fischer and McCray  postulated that the concentration of natron , which acts as flux in glass, is slightly lower in blown vessels than those manufactured by casting.
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Etymology[ edit ] The name Maastricht is derived from Latin Traiectum ad Mosam or Traiectum Mosae , meaning ‘crossing at the Meuse’, and referring to the bridge built by the Romans. The Latin name first appears in medieval documents  and it is not known whether this was Maastricht’s official name during Roman times.
A resident of Maastricht is referred to as Maastrichtenaar whilst in the local dialect it is either Mestreechteneer or, colloquially, Sjeng derived from the formerly popular French name Jean. Of a later date are Palaeolithic remains, between 8, and 25, years old. Celts lived here around BC, at a spot where the river Meuse was shallow and therefore easy to cross.
It is not known when the Romans arrived in Maastricht, or whether the settlement was founded by them. The bridge was an important link in the main road between Bavay and Cologne. Roman Maastricht was probably relatively small. Remains of the Roman road, the bridge, a religious shrine, a Roman bath , a granary , some houses and the 4th-century castrum walls and gates, have been excavated.
Traveling in Belgium – the Best Places to See
The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. July Frontispiece to Fireside Education, Samuel Griswold Goodrich For most of history and in different cultures, the education of children at home by family members was a common practice. Enlisting professional tutors was an option available only to the wealthy.
The Free Congress Commentary By William S. Lind. On War # November 26, In the Fox’s Lair. William S. Lind. One reason parts of Iraq have quieted down, at least for a while, has received widespread attention: the Sunni split from al-Qaeda.
Volume 38, Issue 3 , June , Pages Paper I—simulation of dose absorption in quartz over geological timescales and its implications for the precision and accuracy of optical dating Author links open overlay panel R. Bailey Show more https: Simulations of natural burial and laboratory measurements suggest that dose-rate effects in quartz cause systematic overestimation of absorbed doses when standard dating procedures are applied.
Variation in the concentration of R1 centres leads to variation in measured equivalent dose De values and may potentially be a significant source of scatter in De estimates from sedimentary quartz samples. Model predictions indicate that by administering laboratory doses either at raised temperature, or in short pulses with intervening thermal treatments, the malign effects of the R1 centre can be removed.
Results from laboratory measurements using pulsed-irradiation support the theoretical predictions. Implementation of pulsed irradiation in a single-aliquot regenerative-dose procedure yielded an accurate and more precise age estimate for a last-interglacial age dune deposit from Africa, compared to the overestimate obtained using the standard procedure, as predicted by the model.
Previous article in issue.
Meteo Créteil (94000)
Good co-ordination was required between the pilot and gunner in order to get into the best position to open fire on a target. A second day fighter unit, Sqn, began converting to the Defiant in April The Defiant undertook it first operational sortie on 12 May , when Sqn flew a patrol over the beaches of Dunkirk. A Junkers Ju 88 was claimed by the squadron.
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By Jim Ferri Despite it being one of the most popular and beautiful countries in Europe, Belgium confuses many travelers. Dumon Artisanale Chocolatier, Bruges The crux of the problem, as it often is, is political. The country is divided into two ethnic regions, Dutch-speaking Flanders to the north and French-speaking Wallonia to the south.
An imaginary east-west line that bisects the country at Brussels, divides the two regions. Consequently, Brussels is a city claimed by both the Flemish and the Walloons. Just forget the politics. In other words, focus instead on the cornucopia of culture, historical places and beautiful towns and cities throughout the country. Also be sure to visit such treasures as Liege and Spa luring spa-goers since the 14th century.
Also visit Oostduinkerke on the Flemish coast for the shrimp festival in June, and Bruges Kookeet food festival every September. It was not a suggested itinerary for the rest of us. English is widely spoken, making it a great place for even a novice French-speaker to get by without an issue. Brussels is a classic European city with small-town charm and cosmopolitan attractions. Just a short walk from the Grand Place is the Mannekin Pis, a small bronze statue of a little boy relieving himself.
Historical buildings in Antwerp If shopping is not your thing, discover the compact center of Antwerp.
MARIETTE’S BACK TO BASICS
The early hours of the th edition of the annual horse market day did not look promising it all but turned into a beautiful day once the sun broke through the cloud cover. The breakthrough brought out a happy thr Many Dutch surnames remind people of lasting influence of Latin Traceable to higher education graduates Tags: Excerpts from the Windmill Many Dutch families are known by surnames that are not particularly Dutch even though they may have little or no foreign roots.
Families in this category frequently owe their identity to ancestors who followed a tradition among university and Latin school graduates to Latinize their surname.
Le Guide vous permet de découvrir les adresses branchées, les discothèques et les soirées de la Seine et Marne. Principales villes: Melun, Meaux, Torcy, Provins, Fontainebleau, Nemours, Montereau, Coulommiers. Région: Ile-de-France.
According to the International Union of Railways, the high speed train “plays a key role in a stage of sustainable development and combating climate change”. As a regular long-distance train traveller in Europe, I have to say that the opposite is true. High speed rail is destroying the most valuable alternative to the airplane; the “low speed” rail network that has been in service for decades. The introduction of a high speed train connection invariably accompanies the elimination of a slightly slower, but much more affordable, alternative route, forcing passengers to use the new and more expensive product, or abandon the train altogether.
As a result, business people switch from full-service planes to high speed trains, while the majority of Europeans are pushed into cars, coaches and low-cost airplanes. A look at European railway history shows that the choice for the elite high speed train is far from necessary. Earlier efforts to organize speedy international rail services in Europe accompanied affordable prices and different ways to increase the speed and comfort of a rail trip.
Quite a few of these services were even faster than today’s high speed trains. Almost as fast as the high speed train, but two to three times cheaper.
Tools from the stone age
A gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire. The latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and comprised most of modern Belgium. This was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries. Episode of the Belgian Revolution of , by Egide Charles Gustave Wappers , Museum of Ancient Art, Brussels The Belgian Revolution led to the establishment of a Catholic and bourgeois, officially French-speaking and neutral, independent Belgium under a provisional government and a national congress.
Although the franchise was initially restricted, universal suffrage for men was introduced after the general strike of with plural voting until and for women in
Name: Dennis von Frankenberg Datum: Was das Haarwuchsmittel angeht kann ich nichts sagen aber wenn Fragen sind zur den Ethnoprodukten kann ich durchaus weiterhelfen.
This piece might be possibly better labelled as debitage, useless material struck from a core on the way to making a well made tool, although as Ralph Frenken pers. Don Hitchcock Source: Don Hitchcock Source and text: Commune Creysse, Aquitane, Dordogne. Scrapers were used primarily for preparing hides stripped from game, but may also have been used as a knife. From Ried, Bavaria, Germany.
These are designed to rotate in the air when thrown, and are used to bring down small animals. This environment helped preserve the wooden spears, which otherwise would have long ago rotted away. Three of them were probably manufactured as projectile weapons, because the weight and tapered point is at the front of the spear making it fly straight in flight, similar to the design of a modern javelin.
The fourth spear is shorter, with points at both ends and is thought to be a thrusting spear or a throwing stick. They were found in combination with the remains of about 20 wild horses, whose bones contain numerous butchery marks, including one pelvis that still had a spear sticking out of it.
Nell’aria elettrica le note di “Provaci ancora, Sim” si ionizzavano, come peraltro accadde altre Volt. Uno sparo improvviso echeggio’ nel locale, facendo volare il cappello di Biswood. Alle sue spalle, un omone fece capolino dall’uscio. Sul petto, scintillava una stella argentata. Sul capo, uno strano copricapo a forma di coppola. Imbracciava un fucile a canne mozze.
De nos jours, nous connaissons tous dans notre entourage des couples qui se sont formes sur internet, mais vous, vous recherchez avant tout la possibilite de faire une rencontre gratuitement et donc sans vous ruiner en payant un abonnement mensuel.
It became the seat of the Diocesan Vicar, the chief administrative officer of southern Gaul. The town was prosperous until the end of the 3rd century — during the 4th and 5th centuries, the nearby town of Arles enjoyed more prosperity. The Visigoths finally captured the city from the Romans in AD. After the Roman period, in the days of invasion and decadence, the Christian Church, already established in Gaul since the 1st century AD, appeared be the last refuge of classical civilization — it was remarkably organized and directed by a series of Gallo-Roman aristocrats.
The urban landscape went through transformation with the Goths, but much of the heritage of the Roman era remained largely intact. In , Charles Martel and his brother led an expedition to Septimania and Provence, and largely destroyed the city in the hands of Umayyads allied with the local Gallo-Roman and Gothic nobility , including the amphitheatre, thereafter heading back north.
The Muslim government came to an end in , when Pepin the Short captured the city. In , an uprising took place against the Carolingian king, but was put down and count Radulf, a Frank, appointed as master of the city. The local authorities installed themselves in the remains of the amphitheatre. Carolingian rule brought relative peace, but feudal times in the 12th century brought local troubles, which lasted until the days of St.
Louis managed to establish royal power in the region which became Languedoc.