Possibly as early as B. These people were the Sumerians. They made astronomical observations and developed astronomical theories that were later borrowed by invading Semitic people from the North and West. Sumerians invented a form of writing in clay with a wedge-shaped stylus that was an evolution of their earlier pictographs. This stylus writing in clay is called cuneiform, from the Latin words cuneus, “wedge,” and forma, “shape. In , Sir Henry Layard visited archaelogical digs in the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh. He found many clay tablets with cuneiform writing. They could not be interpreted at the time but realizing their historical importance, he sent what he found to the British Museum. A Londoner named George Smith heard of these mysterious ancient inscriptions, and devoted his spare time to studying them at the British Museum.
I find them amazing. They share wisdom which was later conveyed in not only the Bible, but in other beliefs and teachings, as well. Thomas The following Sumerian Riddles are timeless and cause a person to contemplate words in ways which impart significant meaning on different levels. Many may have heard the short version of the following riddle. One enters it blind and comes out seeing.
You cannot take those books, and you cannot go into an ancient Sumerian tablet, to the tablets and texts, and do translations and get what is said in those books. She gave as an example the word ‘Anunnaki’ which Sitchin defined in his first book, The Twelfth Planet, .
Do you remember the in famous “sumerian” statuette sold on eBay a little time ago? Well, read the following. If the author is right I do not understand much of ebay technicalities This is taken from this website: While monitoring online auction sites for the sale of illegal artifacts from Mesopotamia, Iraq Museum International discovered a way that bidders on eBay can influence the highest bid and cheat other bidders.
The seller and a second person posing as a bidder prepare to precisely synchronize their keystrokes on two separate computers logged onto eBay. In the final minute of bidding, the person posing as a bidder places an extremely high bid on the item. This has the effect of triggering all automatic bids set by any other bidder, instantly revealing his or her secret maximum bid.
Köfels impact event
Sumerian Poetry in Translation” by Thorkild Jacobsen. Yale University Press, Publishers; Copyright It is related here for educational purposes only.
This tablet is shown in the sequence to be Sumerian in origin dating from BCE and features heavily in the showcase. The lower section of the tablet features a large angel figure addressing a group of people with symbol etchings carved behind them.
Archaeologists have found some objects that could be of great importance in history, including a tiny tablet with Sumerian script dating back 4, years. At first, when the Sumerian table was discovered, no one could decipher it because of the complexity of the writing and the lack of information about that mysterious population. However, after many years of studies and research into what was once Sumerian and now belongs to Iraq, the experts were able to translate the letters written on that valuable object.
The piece is important not only for its antiquity, but also for the amount of mysteries that will be revealed once the text is translated. Anuncios The Sumerian table and its translation The Sumerian object is a small tablet, in fact, it measures the same as the thumb of an adult and on the front contains Sumerian texts that were recently translated, the problem is that from there scientists realized that there must be more of these tables somewhere in the world, because there are certain gaps that have no explanation.
In order, the relic says:
What makes this artefact so unique is the fact that the list blends apparently mythical pre-dynastic rulers with historical rulers who are known to have existed. The first fragment of this rare and unique text, a 4, year-old cuneiform tablet, was found in the early s by German-American scholar Hermann Hilprecht at the site of ancient Nippur and published in No two of these documents are identical. However, there is enough common material in all versions of the list to make it clear that they are derived from a single, “ideal” account of Sumerian history.
Among all the examples of the Sumerian King List, the Weld-Blundell prism in the Ashmolean Museum cuneiform collection in Oxford represents the most extensive version as well as the most complete copy of the King List.
The four principal gods of Sumer (An, Enlil, Enki, and Nintu) were described as bringing the “black-headed people” (Sumerians) to life in a Sumerian tablet that contains a .
The Sumerians developed the earliest known writing system – a pictographic writing system known as cuneiform script, using wedge-shaped characters inscribed on baked clay tablets – and this has meant that we actually have more knowledge of ancient Sumerian and Babylonian mathematics than of early Egyptian mathematics. Indeed, we even have what appear to school exercises in arithmetic and geometric problems.
As in Egypt , Sumerian mathematics initially developed largely as a response to bureaucratic needs when their civilization settled and developed agriculture possibly as early as the 6th millennium BCE for the measurement of plots of land, the taxation of individuals, etc. In addition, the Sumerians and Babylonians needed to describe quite large numbers as they attempted to chart the course of the night sky and develop their sophisticated lunar calendar.
They were perhaps the first people to assign symbols to groups of objects in an attempt to make the description of larger numbers easier. They moved from using separate tokens or symbols to represent sheaves of wheat, jars of oil, etc, to the more abstract use of a symbol for specific numbers of anything. Starting as early as the 4th millennium BCE, they began using a small clay cone to represent one, a clay ball for ten, and a large cone for sixty. Over the course of the third millennium, these objects were replaced by cuneiform equivalents so that numbers could be written with the same stylus that was being used for the words in the text.
A rudimentary model of the abacus was probably in use in Sumeria from as early as – BCE. Babylonian Numerals Sumerian and Babylonian mathematics was based on a sexegesimal, or base 60, numeric system, which could be counted physically using the twelve knuckles on one hand the five fingers on the other hand. Unlike those of the Egyptians , Greeks and Romans , Babylonian numbers used a true place-value system, where digits written in the left column represented larger values, much as in the modern decimal system, although of course using base 60 not base Thus, in the Babylonian system represented 3, plus 60 plus 1, or 3,
Most accept the view that “a civilization is a culture which has attained a degree of complexity usually characterized by urban life. Other characteristics usually present in a civilization include a system of writing to keep records, monumental architecture in place of simple buildings, and an art that is no longer merely decorative, like that on Neolithic pottery, but representative of people and their activities.
All these characteristics of civilization first appeared in Mesopotamia. Although this broad plain received insufficient rainfall to support agriculture, the eastern section was watered by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Known in ancient days as Mesopotamia Greek for “between the rivers” , the lower reaches of this plain, beginning near the point where the two rivers nearly converge, was called Babylonia.
The Cuneiform Writing System in Ancient Mesopotamia: Emergence and Evolution. The earliest writing systems evolved independently and at roughly the same time in Egypt and Mesopotamia, but current scholarship suggests that Mesopotamia’s writing appeared first.
Some of the oldest written accounting records, dating to B. Researchers have translated the ancient writing on the tablets, which were found to contain records of tax assessments and payments. However, what is written on tablet No. He learned that the Library has some of the world’s oldest accounting records, which may help solidify his theories of early accounting in ancient communities.
The Library purchased its clay tablet collection in the s from Kirkor Minassian, a dealer in antique and rare books. During acquisition trips for the Library, he carried a letter from Librarian Herbert Putnam requesting consulates to give him “all aid and comfort. The rectangular tablets are dated on the bottom, positively identifying them as 4, years old. The tablets, inscribed in Sumerian, show how the day-to-day economy operated during ancient times.
Sumerian, a non-Semitic language originating in present-day Iraq, is one of the world’s oldest written languages and is formed by pressing a wedge-shaped stylus into clay, said David K.
Sumerians and Babylonians developed the first known writing system. This system was picto-graphic system known as cuneiform script. They used wedge-shaped characters inscribed on baked clay tablets to inscribe the script.
The Sumerian table and its translation The Sumerian object is a small tablet, in fact, it measures the same as the thumb of an adult and on the front contains Sumerian texts that were recently translated, the problem is that from there scientists realized that there must be more of these tables somewhere in the world, because there are certain gaps that have no explanation.
The study of Sumerian culture introduced by the present volume, Sumerian Mythology, is to be based largely on Sumerian literary sources; it will consist of the formulation of the spiritual and religious concepts of the Sumerians, together with the reconstructed text and translation of the Sumerian literary compositions in which these concepts are revealed. It is therefore very essential that the reader have a clear picture of the nature of our source material, which consists primarily of some three thousand tablets and fragments inscribed in the Sumerian language and dated approximately B.
After a very brief general evaluation of the contents of the huge mass of Sumerian tablet material uncovered in the course of these excavations, it turns to the Sumerian literary tablets which represent the basic material for our study, and analyzes in some detail the scope and date of their contents. The Introduction then concludes with a description of the factors which prevented in large part the trustworthy reconstruction and translation of the Sumerian literary compositions in the past; the details, not uninteresting in themselves, furnish a revealing and illuminating commentary on the course and progress of one of the more significant humanistic efforts of our generation.
For in the case of Egypt, Assyria, and Babylonia, the investigating scholars of western Europe had at their disposal much relevant material from Biblical, classical, and postclassical sources. Not only were such names as Egypt, Ashur, and Babylon well known, but at least to a certain extent and with much limitation and qualification, even the culture of the peoples was not altogether unfamiliar.
In the case of the Sumerians, however, the situation was quite different; there was no clearly recognizable trace of Sumer or its people and language in the entire Biblical, classical, and post-classical literature.
The great Flood through the Sumerian Tablets
Hundreds of volcanoes exploding all at once. Thousands of new, large springs gushing out huge amounts of water. It was a worldwide cataclysmic Flood sent by God to destroy all living things except for eight people who survived on the Ark. In addition to the Bible, many very early historical records also document this Flood. Two problems about which there are great differences are: Critics of the flood narrative consider it either a myth, or a local flood story.
What he held was the first fragment of the Sumerian King List an ancient Mesopotamian document claiming to identify every king in Sumerian history. Since Hilprecht ’s discovery, at least 18 other exemplars of the king list have been found, most of them dating from the second half of the Isin dynasty (c. BCE.).
It arose out of an account Goode was giving of his meeting with representatives of seven Inner Earth Civilizations back in September He described being taken to a library created by the oldest of the civilizations, dating as far back as 18 million years in age. In a section of books, Goode recognized titles authored by Zecharia Sitchin which collectively are known as the Earth Chronicles.
In an earlier episode of Cosmic Disclosure released on February 2, Goode reported being told that the Ancient Sumerians had been helped by the Inner Earth beings who had decided to teach them agriculture and language. This was necessary due to a minor cataclysm that had wiped out surface civilizations. Goode asked how this information meshed with those who believed the Sumerians had been helped by alien visitors, and was told by Kaaree that he would find his answer in the library. Once in the library, Goode got the answer he sought.
All of the information in those books is pretty much contrived You cannot take those books, and you cannot go into an ancient Sumerian tablet, to the tablets and texts, and do translations and get what is said in those books.
The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts
The “real” timetable of Ancient history Updated and partly revised by the author As mentioned in earlier chapters the Sumerians compiled a list that purported to show all the kings who ruled Sumer from Creation to the final Semitic conquest on about BCE. The Sumerian Kings List covers both “mythical” and historical times. In chapter 11 we could read the history and the timeline of the Sumerian period through the eyes of Scholars.
The oldest known Sumerian tablets, from Shuruppak and Abu Salabikh, are typically dated to the 26th century BCE. I’m referring to the tablet caches in which we found the oldest known copies of the Kesh Temple Hymn and the Instructions of Shuruppak.
The text found in Sumerian clay tablets provides impressive stories of the human origins and creation of mankind and the interference of the gods in a remarkable way. You can read more about the story of creation according to the Sumerians here. Twelve hundred years had not yet passed when the land extended and the peoples multiplied. The land was bellowing like a bull, The God got disturbed with their uproar.
Enlil heard their noise. Cut off supplies for the peoples, Let there be a scarcity of planet-life to satisfy their hunger. Adad [another Custodian] should withhold his rain, and below, the flood [the regular flooding of the land which made it fertile] should not come up from the abyss. Let the wind blow and parch the ground, Let the clouds thicken but not release a downpour, Let the fields diminish their yields, There must be no rejoicing among them.
Read the text above with the origins of the word Myth in mind, as well as the great civilization that the Sumerians built.